Beast

4 minute read

//
// Copyright (c) 2016-2017 Vinnie Falco (vinnie dot falco at gmail dot com)
//
// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// Official repository: https://github.com/boostorg/beast
//

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Example: HTTP client, asynchronous
//
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#include <boost/beast/core.hpp>
#include <boost/beast/http.hpp>
#include <boost/beast/version.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/connect.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <functional>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>

using tcp = boost::asio::ip::tcp;       // from <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
namespace http = boost::beast::http;    // from <boost/beast/http.hpp>

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Report a failure
void
fail(boost::system::error_code ec, char const* what)
{
    std::cerr << what << ": " << ec.message() << "\n";
}

// Performs an HTTP GET and prints the response
class session : public std::enable_shared_from_this<session>
{
    tcp::resolver resolver_;
    tcp::socket socket_;
    boost::beast::flat_buffer buffer_; // (Must persist between reads)
    http::request<http::empty_body> req_;
    http::response<http::string_body> res_;

public:
    // Resolver and socket require an io_context
    explicit
    session(boost::asio::io_context& ioc)
        : resolver_(ioc)
        , socket_(ioc)
    {
    }

    // Start the asynchronous operation
    void
    run(
        char const* host,
        char const* port,
        char const* target,
        int version)
    {
        // Set up an HTTP GET request message
        req_.version(version);
        req_.method(http::verb::get);
        req_.target(target);
        req_.set(http::field::host, host);
        req_.set(http::field::user_agent, BOOST_BEAST_VERSION_STRING);

        // Look up the domain name
        resolver_.async_resolve(
            host,
            port,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_resolve,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_resolve(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        tcp::resolver::results_type results)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "resolve");

        // Make the connection on the IP address we get from a lookup
        boost::asio::async_connect(
            socket_,
            results.begin(),
            results.end(),
            std::bind(
                &session::on_connect,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_connect(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "connect");

        // Send the HTTP request to the remote host
        http::async_write(socket_, req_,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_write,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_write(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "write");
        
        // Receive the HTTP response
        http::async_read(socket_, buffer_, res_,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_read,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_read(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "read");

        // Write the message to standard out
        std::cout << res_ << std::endl;

        // Gracefully close the socket
        socket_.shutdown(tcp::socket::shutdown_both, ec);

        // not_connected happens sometimes so don't bother reporting it.
        if(ec && ec != boost::system::errc::not_connected)
            return fail(ec, "shutdown");

        // If we get here then the connection is closed gracefully
    }
};

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
    // Check command line arguments.
    if(argc != 4 && argc != 5)
    {
        std::cerr <<
            "Usage: http-client-async <host> <port> <target> [<HTTP version: 1.0 or 1.1(default)>]\n" <<
            "Example:\n" <<
            "    http-client-async www.example.com 80 /\n" <<
            "    http-client-async www.example.com 80 / 1.0\n";
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
    auto const host = argv[1];
    auto const port = argv[2];
    auto const target = argv[3];
    int version = argc == 5 && !std::strcmp("1.0", argv[4]) ? 10 : 11;

    // The io_context is required for all I/O
    boost::asio::io_context ioc;

    // Launch the asynchronous operation
    std::make_shared<session>(ioc)->run(host, port, target, version);

    // Run the I/O service. The call will return when
    // the get operation is complete.
    ioc.run();

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

You might set content-type, body.

        req_.set(http::field::content_type, "application/json");
        req_.body() = R"({"name":"ksoo"})";
        req_.prepare_payload();

beast-websocket example

//
// Copyright (c) 2016-2017 Vinnie Falco (vinnie dot falco at gmail dot com)
//
// Distributed under the Boost Software License, Version 1.0. (See accompanying
// file LICENSE_1_0.txt or copy at http://www.boost.org/LICENSE_1_0.txt)
//
// Official repository: https://github.com/boostorg/beast
//

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
//
// Example: WebSocket client, asynchronous
//
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

#include <boost/beast/core.hpp>
#include <boost/beast/websocket.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/connect.hpp>
#include <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
#include <cstdlib>
#include <functional>
#include <iostream>
#include <memory>
#include <string>

using tcp = boost::asio::ip::tcp;               // from <boost/asio/ip/tcp.hpp>
namespace websocket = boost::beast::websocket;  // from <boost/beast/websocket.hpp>

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// Report a failure
void
fail(boost::system::error_code ec, char const* what)
{
    std::cerr << what << ": " << ec.message() << "\n";
}

// Sends a WebSocket message and prints the response
class session : public std::enable_shared_from_this<session>
{
    tcp::resolver resolver_;
    websocket::stream<tcp::socket> ws_;
    boost::beast::multi_buffer buffer_;
    std::string host_;
    std::string text_;

public:
    // Resolver and socket require an io_context
    explicit
    session(boost::asio::io_context& ioc)
        : resolver_(ioc)
        , ws_(ioc)
    {
    }

    // Start the asynchronous operation
    void
    run(
        char const* host,
        char const* port,
        char const* text)
    {
        // Save these for later
        host_ = host;
        text_ = text;

        // Look up the domain name
        resolver_.async_resolve(
            host,
            port,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_resolve,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_resolve(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        tcp::resolver::results_type results)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "resolve");

        // Make the connection on the IP address we get from a lookup
        boost::asio::async_connect(
            ws_.next_layer(),
            results.begin(),
            results.end(),
            std::bind(
                &session::on_connect,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_connect(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "connect");

        // Perform the websocket handshake
        ws_.async_handshake(host_, "/",
            std::bind(
                &session::on_handshake,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_handshake(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "handshake");
        
        // Send the message
        ws_.async_write(
            boost::asio::buffer(text_),
            std::bind(
                &session::on_write,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_write(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "write");
        
        // Read a message into our buffer
        ws_.async_read(
            buffer_,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_read,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1,
                std::placeholders::_2));
    }

    void
    on_read(
        boost::system::error_code ec,
        std::size_t bytes_transferred)
    {
        boost::ignore_unused(bytes_transferred);

        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "read");

        // Close the WebSocket connection
        ws_.async_close(websocket::close_code::normal,
            std::bind(
                &session::on_close,
                shared_from_this(),
                std::placeholders::_1));
    }

    void
    on_close(boost::system::error_code ec)
    {
        if(ec)
            return fail(ec, "close");

        // If we get here then the connection is closed gracefully

        // The buffers() function helps print a ConstBufferSequence
        std::cout << boost::beast::buffers(buffer_.data()) << std::endl;
    }
};

//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

int main(int argc, char** argv)
{
    // Check command line arguments.
    if(argc != 4)
    {
        std::cerr <<
            "Usage: websocket-client-async <host> <port> <text>\n" <<
            "Example:\n" <<
            "    websocket-client-async echo.websocket.org 80 \"Hello, world!\"\n";
        return EXIT_FAILURE;
    }
    auto const host = argv[1];
    auto const port = argv[2];
    auto const text = argv[3];

    // The io_context is required for all I/O
    boost::asio::io_context ioc;

    // Launch the asynchronous operation
    std::make_shared<session>(ioc)->run(host, port, text);

    // Run the I/O service. The call will return when
    // the socket is closed.
    ioc.run();

    return EXIT_SUCCESS;
}

You can set custom header when beast try handshake. (onConnect)

ws_.async_handshake_ex("example.com", "/",
                     [](websocket::request_type& req)
                     {
                         req.set(http::field::user_agent, "Beast");
                         req.insert("custome-header", "header :-)"); 
                     },
                     std::bind(
                         &session::on_handshake,
                         shared_from_this(),
                         std::placeholders::_1)
                     
                     );

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